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Incoterms

Incoterms (official name "Incoterms 2010") is the worldwide standard for international trade. These conditions concern the responsibility for the goods -of both the buyer and the seller- in the different stages of the transportation process.
Incoterms are worldwide accepted and used by governments, legal authorities and traders in international commercal transactions.
On the offer / order you will find which incoterm is applicable.

Incoterms 2010:

EXW:

ex works

FCA:

free carrier

CPT:

carriage paid to

CIP:

carriage and insurance paid to

DAT:

deliverd at terminal

DAP:

deliverd at place

DDP:

deliverd duty paid

Only for sea and inland waterway transport:

FAS:

free alongside ship

FOB:

free on board

CFR:

cost and freight

CIF:

cost insurance and feight


Container types

To transport goods from one place to another, you can use a container. The most suitable type of container depends on the cargo to transport:

Standard containers (20 ft, 40 ft, 45 ft)

for all kinds of dry cargo

Bulk containers (20 ft, 30 ft, 40 ft, 45 ft)

for dry bulk

Reefer containers

for the transportation of good from -20 C till +20 C

Tank containers (20 ft, 30 ft, 40 ft)

for food or non food liquids

Open top containers

for bulk or high pieces

Flats

for large pieces

Pallet wide containers

for palletised cargo

Pallet wide curtain sided containers

for palletised cargo, these containers have a curtain on 1 or 2 sides opf the container


Abbreviations

Besides the incoterms, other abbreviations are used in international trade. Here you will find a summary:

FCL:

Full container load

FIBC:

Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container (big bag, bulk bag, super sack) is a standardized container in large dimensions for storing and transporting dry products.

IBC:

Intermediate Bulk Container is a container used for transport and storage of fluids and bulk materials.

LCL:

Less than container load; shipment that is not large enough to fill a standard container.

LCT:

Less than truck load

TL:

Truck load


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